Carnival of Oruro

“Teacher of the Humanity’s Oral and Intangible Patrimony works”:

Oruro, located to an altitude of 3.700 m in the western mountains of Bolivia, era an important before Columbus center of ceremonies before becoming an important center miner in the XIX and XX centuries. The city was refundada for the Spaniards in 1606 and it continued being a sacred place for the town uru, to which you/they came from very far to fulfill the rites, especially the great party of Ito. The Spaniards prohibited those ceremonies in the XVII century, but these continue under the facade of the Christian liturgy: the Andean gods hid after the Christian icons, becoming this way saints. The party of Ito was transformed in Christian ritual: the Candlemas (February 2), and the traditional ” Diablada ” became the main dance of Oruro.

Every year, during six days, that carnival gives place the unfolding of an entire range of popular arts in form of masks, fabrics and embroideries. The main event is the procession (” entrance “), during which the dancers travel during twenty hours, without interruption, the four kilometers of the procession. More than 28.000 dancers and 10.000 musicians distributed in about fifty groups they participate in the parade that he/she has known how to conserve the characteristics taken to the medieval mysteries.