The Amazonía is the most extensive tropical forest in the world. It is considered that their extension arrives to the 6 million km² distributed among eight countries, of which Brazil and the Peru possess the biggest extension in the Amazonia, continued by Colombia, Bolivia, Ecuador, Guyana, Venezuela, Surinam and the French Guayana.
Bolivia is the country that has the biggest percentage in its territory in the amazon basin. According to data of the Treaty of Amazon Cooperation, the amazon surface of Bolivia covers an extension of 824.000 square kilometers that represents 75% of its national territory and 11.20% of the whole continental amazon basin.
The Bolivian Amazonía is located in the departments of Beni, Pando, Santa Cruz, The Peace and Cochabamba. The rivers of the amazon basin are born in the snowy ones Andean and they give origin to one of the most important tributaries in the Amazons: the river Wood.
The region has the biggest ethnic and cultural diversity in the country and it is inhabited by a thirty of indigenous towns, each one of them with its own forms of sociocultural organization and own languages. It is also the scenario of a biological diversity that is expressed in an extensive flora and a varied fauna. Thanks to it, Bolivia occupies the number seven among the countries of the world with more diversity of birds and in the eleven in variety of mammals.
The amazon ecosystem in Bolivia presents a geographical variety, climates and productive vocations, being distinguished the following ones: The North Amazonía, The Plain of Moxos, The Chiquitanía, The Brow of Forest, The Pantanal.