WELCOME TO BOLIVIA
A country located in the central area of South America, between the meridians 57º 26’ and 69º 38’ of western longitud of the meridian of Greenwich and the parallel 9º 38’ and 22º 53’ of south latitude, therefore covers more than 13º in geography with 1.098.581 square kilometres of surface. It extends from the Andes to the Chaco to the Amazonia. It limits with Peru to the North and to the East with Brazil, in the East and South East with Paraguay, in the South with Argentina, in the West with Chile and Peru. The total perimeter of the frontiers reaches to 6.834 Kilometers.
The geographic location of the country allows to have a great variety of relief ways and climates. A wide biodiversity exists considered among those biggest in the world, as well as different echo regions and ecological subunities as the Highland, the Amazon plain, the dry valleys, the Yungas and the Serranias Chiquitanas that are framed in variations of diverse altitude that go from 6.542 meters above sea level of the snowy Sajama to 70 meters above sea level near the river Paraguay.
Although Bolivia is known internationally as the country of the high plateau and its name associates with mountains and desserted landscapes, more than half of its surface belongs to the region of the oriental planes with tropical climate and exhuberant vegetation. The extensive territory of the country is gifted with big tourist attractions, historical as well as natural.
The Department of La Paz stands out as the favourite to the foreign tourists. They are attracted by a region full of mountains, some relatively easy ones to climb such as the Huayna Potosi near the city of La Paz.
The ruins of Tiwanaku, after Machu Picchu, are the second in importance in South America. The national park Madidi is considered by the National Geografic as one of the indispensable places to visit since it is one of the richest regions in biodiversity in the world. The Lake Titicaca, often called the Lake that wanted to be Sea, is the highest navigable lake in the world and the cradle of the Inca Empire as well as countless places to know for the tourist.
The national park Noel Kempf Mercado, located in the Department of Santa Cruz was declared Natural Patrimony of the Humanity by the UNESCO. The impressive beauty of the landscape as well as the variety and abundant animal life, and the botanic interest that contains, have transformed this place into the most important and beautiful tourist centers of the country. The most important Jesuit missions in Bolivia still active and maybe in America, are located in this area, contrary to those of Argentina, Brazil or Paraguay that are in ruins.
The Cerro Rico in the Department of Potosi was in its time the most important silver vein of the planet. The UNESCO declared Patrimony of the Humanity to this hill and the city of Potosi, for the contribution to the world, besides being one of the cities with more colonial style buildings, such as the Casa de la Moneda, from which the whole silver currencies were sent to Europe and the world.
The Salar de Uyuni, often described as the sea made of salt is the biggest plain of salt in the earth, coloured lakes Red and Green in the south of the Department are also of great tourist importance.